Here’s a look at the life of Ashraf Ghani, president of Afghanistan.
Birth date: 1949
Birth place: Logar Province, Afghanistan
Birth name: Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai
Father: Shah Pesand
Mother: Kawkaba Lodin
Marriage: Rula (Saade) Ghani.
Children: Tarek; Mariam
Education: American University in Beirut, Lebanon, 1973; Columbia University, masters and Ph.D, anthropology
A former US citizen who gave up his passport to run for the Afghan presidency in 2009.
He was working at the World Bank in Washington during the September 11 attacks, and used the tragedy as a springboard for his re-engagement in Afghan politics, returning to his home country just months after the event.
Was diagnosed with cancer and had to have part of his stomach removed.
Hired Democratic pundit James Carville to manage his 2009 presidential campaign.
His wife is Lebanese-American.
1974-1977 – Anthropology and Afghan studies professor at Kabul University in Afghanistan.
1977 – Comes to the United States to study anthropology at Columbia University in New York.
1983 – Anthropology professor at University of California, Berkeley.
1983-1991- Anthropology professor at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore.
1991-2001 – Lead anthropologist at the World Bank.
2002-2004 – Afghan finance minister in the transitional government led by Hamid Karzai.
January 2005-2009 – Chancellor of Kabul University.
2006 – Co-founds the Institute for State Effectiveness, with Clare Lockhart.
2008 – Ghani’s book, “Fixing Failed States: A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World,” is published, co-written with Lockhart.
2009 – Runs for president of Afghanistan, coming in fourth place.
2010-October 1, 2013 – Chairman of the Transition Coordination Commission (TCC), the group responsible for the transition of power from International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) and NATO to Afghan National Security Forces.
April 5, 2014 – The Afghan presidential election heads to a June 14th runoff after no one receives more than 50% of the vote. Former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah and Ghani are the top two vote-getters.
June 14, 2014 – The run-off election takes place.
July 12, 2014 – US Secretary of State John Kerry says an audit of Afghanistan’s disputed presidential election results will begin, and Abdullah and Ghani will accept its determination of who won.
September 21, 2014 – After months of infighting over allegations of voting fraud and manipulation, Abdullah and Ghani sign a power-sharing agreement. At a news conference later in the day, Ghani is declared the new President of Afghanistan, and his rival, Abdullah, is CEO.
September 29, 2014 – Ghani is sworn in as president, sealing the country’s first peaceful democratic transition of power.
December 10, 2014 – Ghani condemns the “inhumane actions” outlined in the recently released report on the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques after 9/11. Ghani says, “All Afghan people should know that after 2014 no international forces would be allowed to put any Afghan citizen in jail, get into their homes or have prisons.”
March 22-24, 2015 – Ghani travels to Washington for his first official visit as president of Afghanistan. He meets with President Barack Obama, addresses Congress and goes to Camp David for talks with Secretary of State Kerry and Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter.
September 29, 2016 – Ghani and notorious warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, of the Hezb-i-Islami faction, ratify a peace deal. Hekmatyar signs the agreement via video link.
October 5, 2017 – In an interview with BBC, Ghani states being president of Afghanistan is “the worst job on Earth.”
February 28, 2018 – At an international conference in Kabul, Ghani says that as part of a potential ceasefire agreement, the Afghan government is willing to recognize the Taliban as a legitimate political party.
November 1, 2018 – Confirms in a Bloomberg News interview that he will stand for re-election in 2019 to “finish the job” of ending his country’s war.