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Nuclear Nations Fast Facts

Posted at 7:41 AM, Feb 01, 2019
and last updated 2019-02-01 16:42:05-05

Here’s a look at what you need to know about nuclear nations.

Information about nuclear stockpiles varies from source to source. The information below is sourced to the Nuclear Threat Initiative.

Countries with confirmed nuclear weapons:
China280 warheads, 75-100 nuclear capable intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

France Approximately 290 warheads.

India90-110 nuclear warheads.

Pakistan 90-110 nuclear warheads.

Russia1,444 warheads on 527 deployed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM), submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM), and warheads designated for heavy bombers.

United Kingdom Approximately 225 strategic warheads.

United States1,411 deployed warheads on 673 delivery systems.

Countries with unconfirmed nuclear weapons:
Israel Suspected to have enough plutonium for 100-200 nuclear weapons.

North Korea It is estimated that North Korea could have 30 to 60 nuclear weapons, according to Washington Post reporting.

Countries suspected of developing nuclear weapons:
Iran World powers, including the United States, want to curb Iran‘s nuclear program to keep it from developing a nuclear bomb. For more details on Iran’s program, visit Iran’s Nuclear Capabilities Fast Facts.

July 14, 2015 – After 20 months of talks, negotiators finalize a landmark nuclear deal between Iran, the United States and five other countries. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) states “Iran reaffirms that under no circumstances will (it) ever seek, develop or acquire nuclear weapons.” The agreement, which has a 15-year time frame, requires Iran to reduce its centrifuges by two-thirds. It also bans enrichment at key facilities. In exchange, the country will get relief from economic sanctions and permission to continue its atomic program for peaceful purposes.

Countries that have the ability to build nuclear weapons, but claim not to have any nuclear ambitions:
Japan On November 30, 2006, Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Aso stated that Japan possesses the knowledge and ability to produce nuclear weapons, but has no plans to do so.

Countries that have abandoned nuclear weapons or weapons programs in recent years:
Belarus Still has a civilian nuclear program.

Kazakhstan Although it inherited nuclear warheads after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan dismantled them.

Ukraine After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine had the third largest arsenal of nuclear weapons. The weapons were transferred back to Russia.

South Africa Became a “non-nuclear weapons state” in 1991.